The Mayan Calendar was taken from the Pyramid of Kukulkan, which was constructed during the Mayan period.  The stairways and platforms of the pyramid were used as the calendar equaling 365 days of the year.  There are several distinct calendars used in the Mayan civilization.  One is the 260 days calendar called Tzolkin, which is used across all Mesoamerican societies.  The Mayans can combine the Tzolkin with the 365 day calendar known as the Haab.  This calendar focuses on a smaller cycle of 13 to 20 days.  The Haab is a solar calendar consisting of 18 months.  The Haab calendar is inaccurate when it comes to tracking seasons.  Eventhough it was a 365 day calendar, it ignored the extra quarter day.  Thus, the seasons on the calendar shift causing inaccuracy.  No one knows how the Tzolkin calendar orginated.  Some think it came from mathematics based on the numbers 13 and 20 which are significant numbers to the Mayans.  If you multiply 13 and 20 it equals 260.  Another theory is that it is based on the crops.  Apparantly from planting to harvesting is around 260 days.  The calendar known as the Long Count tracks longer periods of time.  The Long Count can be extended to refer to a date in the future.  The Long Count calendar can also include lunar cycles.  With the year 2012 vastly approaching, many human beings are unsure of what to expect.  There are many theories circulating regarding the Mayan calendar and the year 2012.  Due to the fact that the Mayan calendar doesn’t see past Dec. 21, 2012 people believe it is to be Armageddon or the end of the world as we know it.  Dec 21st marks the end of the Long Count calendar.

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