In the wake of the War of Austrian Succession, the political map of Europe was redrawn during the Diplomatic Revolution of 1756. France, Austria, and Russia, despite being century-old enemies, joined forces in an alliance against Prussia and Great Britain. Empress Maria Theresa, in an attempt to shore up her successful modernization of the Austrian army in the previous war, found France and Russia willing allies, while the joining of Great Britain and Prussia represented the largest allied force assembled in Europe of the era. Great Britain controlled the world’s largest navy, while Prussia possessed Europe’s most massive land contingent.

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