French National Convention

Following an insurrection by the Paris Commune on August 10, 1792, the Legislative Assembly suspended the powers of King Louis XVI and called for a new National Convention to draw up a new constitution. An election was held for all Frenchmen of 25 years or older by universal male suffrage. The National Convention was first brought into session on September 20, 1792. The first order of the body was to abolish the monarchy. It also established September 22 as the first day of the French Republic.

France’s Executive Directory

Following the National Convention, which established the French Constitution of 1795, 750 legislators were elected to two different councils: the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Ancients. Each house of the bicameral legislature had terms of three years. The Ancients were able to veto any legislation, which could only be initiated by the Five Hundred.

What is the Boer War?

Fought from October 11, 1899, until May 31, 1902, the Second Boer War comprised the battles between the British Empire and two different republics, the South African Republic, also known as Transvaal, and the Orange Free State.

In What Country was the Boer War Fought?

Between October 11, 1899, and May 31, 1902, the British Empire engaged in a conflict with two Boer republics, the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. The war raged across the southern African region and ultimately ended with the two republics joining the British Empire as the Union of South Africa.

What is the Thermidorian Reaction?

During the French Revolution, the radical phase known as the Reign of Terror came to and end with the Thermidorian Reaction. The Committee of Public Safety took a vote on executing Maximilien Robespierre, Antoine de Saint-Just and other leaders of the Jacobin Club. This event began on July 27, 1794, also known as 9 Thermidor Year II of the French Revolutionary Calendar. The National Convention was soon dissolved and the Executive Directory came to power.

Meeting of the Estates General

Following the heavy losses of the French and Indian War, as well as France’s involvement in the American Revolution, the country found itself in a massive financial crisis. Debt, inflation, a lack of food, King Louis XVI’s lavish spending practices and an archaic taxation system. The First Estate of the Clergy and the Second Estate of the Nobility was not required to pay taxes, leaving the commoners in the Third Estate with the duty of filling the national coffers.

What Happened in the Boer War?

During the 1800s, the southern portion of Africa was challenged by a mix of cultural and ethnic diversity along with a number of economic interests. Following the Napoleonic Wars, the British Empire seized the Cape of Good Hope from the Dutch in 1815. This allowed the Empire to protect its interests in India as ships passed around the Cape. This also gave the British a foothold on an important African colony, much like other European powers. In order to stave off the forces of other nations, Britain would have to act quickly in order to consolidate its power. Portugal controlled East and West Africa, Germany controlled Namibia, Belgium controlled the Congo and France held Equatorial Africa and Madagascar.

Helping Veteran Families

Benefits are available to family members of veterans through a variety of organizations, both inside and outside government. These benefits come in the form of general assistance as well as financial compensation. Who can receive these benefits depends greatly on individual situations and the status of the veteran. Family benefits can be obtained even if the veteran died or is missing in combat.